What is Software and Types of Software

What is Software and Types of Software

What is Software and Types of Software

What is Software

Software is a set of instructions that tell to computer how to work and what to do

Types of Softwares

The software has two main types

  • System Software
  • Application Software

System Software

Software that controls the computer hardware and enables the computer to run more efficiently.

  • Operating System
  • Network Operating System
  • Utility

Operating System

  • An Operating System acts as an intermediate layer between the user of the system and the computer hardware
  • It is the job of the operating system to tell the computer how to use its own components
  • Helps to run application programs
  • When a program or the user wants the hardware to perform a task such as copying or printing a file, the operating system handles this request
  • Examples of Operating Systems are Windows 8, Windows 10, Linux, and Mac OS.
  • Windows is the most popular operating system on desktops and laptops with a market share of around 74.96% among desktop operating systems.

Network Operating System

  • A network operating system enables computers to exchange messages and share data across a network.
  • A network operating system manages various network operations while at the time taking care of network security.
  • An example of a networking operating system is Windows server 2019


  • A Utility is software that executes extremely sophisticated tasks and thus makes a computer easy to use.
  • Utility programs are used to manage disks, troubleshoot hardware problems, and perform other tasks that the operating system itself may not be able to do
  • Dozens of utility software exist for personal computers.
  • Treesize is a utility software that shows the complete data structure of a drive. and Antivirus software, Disk cleanup in Windows, Microsoft Disk Optimizer ( formerly Disk Defragmenter), and Windows Backup and restore are some examples of Utility software.

Application Software

  • Application Software tells the computer to perform a specific task for example word Processing, Creating Animations, Photo Editing, etc.
  • There are thousands of application software that cater to a myriad of user needs.
  • The most common type of word processing software eg: Microsoft Access, MySQL, Oracle RDBMS
  • Presentation Software eg: Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Graphics Software eg: Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Animate
  • Entertainment Software eg: Computer Games
  • Communication software eg: Microsoft Teams
  • Multimedia Software for creating movies eg: Windows Movie Maker, Adobe Premiere Pro
  • Web Design Tools eg: Adobe Dreamweaver, Bootstrap
  • Web Browsers eg: Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge.
  • Screen Recorders eg: Camtasia, Screencast-O-Matic
  • Whiteboard Animation Softwares eg: VideoScribe, Doodly