Ethical Hacking and Ethical hacker are the most famous words in cyber security which are known by everyone.
Before We Discuss What is Ethical Hacking in Cyber Security. Firstly let’s discuss Who is a hacker?
Who is Hacker?
Hacker is a technical guy who finds a vulnerability in the computer system or attacks the computer system using the vulnerability.
What is Hacking?
Hacking is an attempt to exploit a computer system or private network. Simply it is the unauthorized access or control over the computer network security systems for some offensive purpose.
What is Cyber Security?
Cyber Security is a way of protecting computer systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks. It mainly aims to protect data and accessibility and confidentiality. Cyber security follows the model of the CIA Triad.
What is Ethical Hacking in Cyber Security?
Ethical Hacking is a process of identifying security vulnerabilities in a system or application before an attacker identifies and exploits those vulnerabilities. The process helps organizations protect their applications and systems.
How many types of hackers are there?
There are mainly 3 Types of Hackers are there
1. White Hat
2. Black Hat
3. Gray Hat
Different types of Hackers are:
White Hat Hackers:
White Hat Hacker is an ethical hacker or computer security expert, who specializes in penetration testing and other testing methodologies to ensure the security of an organization’s information systems.
These people are going to take permission from the organization to hack computer systems and find vulnerabilities in the organization’s network.
Black Hat Hackers:
A black hat hacker is an individual with extensive computer knowledge whose purpose is to breach or bypass internet security. Black hat hackers are also known as crackers or dark-side hackers.
Black hat hackers are called Bad guys because they don’t take permission from organizations and don’t follow the government cyber laws.
Gray Hat Hackers:
Gray Hat Hackers is a combination of black hat and white hackers. Based on the situation they work on both.
Note: Based on their working environment hackers are classified but they are using the same tools and same techniques for different perceptions.
How many types of hacking?
There are many types of hacking attacks are there some of them are
1. Account Hacking
2. Network Hacking
3. Website Hacking
4. System Hacking
5. IoT Hacking etc
Types of Hacking:
Hacking Accounts like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Gmail, etc. This type of hacking is called account hacking. Some of the attacks used in Account hacking are Phissing, Password Gussing, Man in Middle, and Bruteforce attacks, etc.
Hacking Wifi Passwords, Routers, Firewalls, etc. Simply hacking network devices is called Network Hacking. Some of the attacks used in Network hacking are DDOS (Distributed Denial of Service), Man in Middle, Code, SQL injection attacks, etc.
Hacking into a web application called Website Hacking. Finding Vulnerabilities in websites like XSS, SQL Injection, etc comes under this category. Some of the attacks used in website hacking are Social Engineering (Phishing, Baiting), DDoS, code injection, SQL injection, XSS, Brute Force, etc.
Hacking Computer systems are called System Hacking. Hacking Windows, Linux, and Mac Operating systems come under this category. Some of the attacks used in system hacking are DoS, DDoS, TCP SYN flood attack, Smurf attack, IP Spoofing, Session hijacking, etc.
Hacking IoT devices like Aurdino devices, Home security systems, etc is called IoT Hacking. Some of the attacks used in IoT Hacking are Ripple20, Meltdown, Spectre, Mirai botnet attack, Rolljam Attack, Fault Injection Attack on ESP32, and BLESA Attack, Bluetooth attack on Tesla Model X, etc.